Variation of P-QRS relation during atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia

Yasuhiro Taniguchi, San Jou Yeh, Ming Shien Wen, Chun Chieh Wang, Fun Chung Lin, Delon Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

15 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to characterize the phenomenon of variation in the P-QRS relation during atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia. BACKGROUND: Variation of P-QRS relation during tachycardia has been observed occasionally in atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia. However, the incidence, the characteristics and the mechanisms of this phenomenon have not been investigated previously. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed in 311 consecutive patients with slow- fast form and 108 patients with atypical or multiple form of atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia to examine whether variation of P-QRS relation with changes in AH, HA and AH/HA (A = atria; H = His bundle) ratio occurred during tachycardia. RESULTS: A total of 28 patients, 8 with slow-fast and 20 with atypical or multiple tachycardias, were found to manifest this phenomenon. There were 6 males and 22 females, with an average age of 38 ± 16 years. In 10 patients, this phenomenon occurred transiently following electrical induction of the tachycardia. In 15 patients, changes in AH, HA and AH/HA ratio were associated with the occurrence of Wenckebach or 2:1 block proximal to the His bundle (H) recording site without interruption of the tachycardia. In nine patients, three with nonsustained tachycardia and six after administration of adenosine triphosphate, this phenomenon was observed at the termination of the tachycardia. This phenomenon was usually accompanied by a mild lengthening of the tachycardia cycle length. CONCLUSIONS: Variation of P-QRS relation with or without block may occur during atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia, especially in atypical or multiple-form tachycardias. It was postulated that decremental conduction in the distal common pathway, which exists between the distal link of the reentry circuit and the H, is primarily responsible for this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-384
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 02 1999


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