Waterball: The exergaming design for rehabilitation of the elderly

Tsai Hsuan Tsai*, Hsien Tsung Chang, Gung Shiung Huang, Chun Chi Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

12 Scopus citations


This study applied the concept of closed chain exercise to WaterBall, which combines rehabilitation exercises with a digital game. By using WaterBall, the elderly can enjoy the benefits of both entertainment and rehabilitation. In addition, WaterBall provides multi-touch control, is easy to use, and have the potential to improve physical activity in older adults. The elderly can play the game intuitively. WaterBall Exergaming was used by 52 residents of an elderly community, and they reported that WaterBall offers exercise and fitness, enhances the efficiency of exercises, and provides entertainment and interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-489
Number of pages9
JournalComputer-Aided Design and Applications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2012


  • Closed kinetic chain exercise
  • Digital exergaming
  • Multi-touch technology


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