Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome presenting with asymptomatic yellowish papules and leg length discrepancy: A case report.

KY Chen, WH Chung, IH Shih, CH Chang, Chia-Yu Yang, WK Hung, MH Shen

研究成果: 期刊稿件文章同行評審


Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome (BOS) is a rare, usually benign, autosomal dominant genetic disease affecting about 0.005% globally. BOS commonly manifests with asymptomatic connective tissue nevi, sometimes with sclerotic bone lesions like osteopoikilosis or melorheostosis. However, BOS may develop severe, symptomatic complications that require surgical intervention. Here we report a 9-year-8-month girl presenting with multiple nonpruritic, nonpainful skin plaques scattered around the trunk, buttocks, and bilateral legs. She had a history of right varus foot with inadequate plantar flexion. Upon visiting, obvious leg length discrepancy (LLD) was noted. Lesional biopsy revealed increased fibroblasts within dermal collagen bundles. Verhoeff-van Gieson stain revealed scattered foci of thickened elastic fibers between collagen fibers, especially in the mid-dermis. Radiographic examination of the lower extremities showed multiple small, round-to-oval shaped, radiopaque spots on the pelvic bones, femurs, tibiae, and both feet. Hyperostosis along the long axis with "dripping candle wax" appearance was characteristic of osteopoikilosis and melorheostosis. Genetic analysis showed heterozygous point mutation in exon 1 of LEMD3 gene (c.1323C>A, p.Y441X), confirming diagnosis of BOS. Sequential and epiphyseodesis were performed to correct LLD with a favorable outcome at 2-year follow-up. BOS associated with severe bone abnormalities is rare, but orthopedic surgical intervention can provide satisfactory outcome.
頁(從 - 到)292-295
期刊Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions
出版狀態已出版 - 2022


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