Effect of heat-induced structural perturbation of secondary and tertiary structures on the chaperone activity of α-Crystallin

Jiahn Shing Lee, Takanori Satoh, Hiroshi Shinoda, Tatsuya Samejima, Shih Hsiung Wu, Shyh Horng Chiou*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 期刊稿件文章同行評審

39 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

α-Crystallin, a major protein of the lens, is known to have chaperone activity to protect other proteins against thermal aggregation. Heat-induced structural change of α-crystallin was previously shown to increase its chaperone activity. In this report, we studied the thermal reversibility of α-crystallin and the effect of change in secondary structure on its chaperone function in vitro. The heat-induced conformational changes in the aromatic region of near-UV CD spectra showed only a small degree of reversibility. The structural transitions from 50 to 70°C were largely reversible if the incubation time was short. However, the protective ability to inhibit thermal aggregation of alcohol dehydrogenase by α-crystallin was essentially similar at 48 and 70°C. Under long-term heating at high temperatures, there was a time-dependent irreversibility of structural change in a-crystallin as revealed by CD spectroscopy. Such denatured α-crystallin by long-term heating can still preserve its ability to prevent UV-induced aggregation of α-crystallin at room temperature, indicating relatively little effect of heat-induced changes in secondary structure on the chaperone activity of α-crystallin.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)277-282
頁數6
期刊Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
237
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 18 08 1997
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