Infective spondylodiscitis in patients on maintenance hemodialysis: A case series

Yueh An Lu, Hsiang Hao Hsu*, Huang Kai Kao, Chia Hui Lee, Shen Yang Lee, Guan Hsing Chen, Cheng Chieh Hung, Ya Chung Tian


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14 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Infective spondylodiscitis is a rare disease. This case review describes the clinical course, risk factors, and outcomes of adult patients on maintenance hemodialysis who presented with infective spondylodiscitis at a single medical center in Taiwan. There were 18 cases (mean age: 64.9±10.8 years) over more than 10 years. Analysis of underlying diseases indicated that 50% of patients had diabetes, 55.6% had hypertension, 55.6% had coronary artery disease, 22.2% had congestive heart failure, 22.2% had a cerebral vascular accident, 16.7% had liver cirrhosis, and 11.1% had malignancies. Sixty-one percent of patients had a degenerative spinal disease and the most common symptom was back pain (83.3%). A total of 38.9% of patients had leukocytosis, 99.4% had elevated levels of C-reactive protein, 78.6% had elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates, and 55.6% had elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase. The average hemodialysis duration was 72.8±87.5 months, and 8 patients (44.4%) started hemodialysis within 1 year prior to infective spondylodiscitis. Four patients (22.2%) had vascular access infection-associated spondylodiscitis. The lumbar region was the most common location of infection (77.8%), 44.4% of patients developed abscesses, and Staphylococci were the most common pathogen (38.9%). The mortality rate was 16.7%, all due to sepsis. Thirty-three percent of the survivors had recurrent infective spondylodiscitis within 1 year. Infective spondylodiscitis should be considered in hemodialysis patients who present with prolonged back pain with or without fever. Non-contrast MRI is an appropriate diagnostic tool for this condition. Vascular access infection increases the risk for infective spondylodiscitis in hemodialysis patients.

頁(從 - 到)179-186
期刊Renal Failure
出版狀態已出版 - 16 11 2017


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