Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of morin and cyclosporin

Shih Hua Fang*, Yu Chi Hou, Pei Dawn Lee Chao

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 期刊稿件文章同行評審

36 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Morin is a flavonoid present in mulberry and herbs. We have reported that morin exerted anti-inflammatory activity on the activated macrophages. Cyclosporin (CsA) is a potent immunosuppressive agent with narrow therapeutic range, which is widely used for the treatments of autoimmune diseases and transplantation rejection. This study aimed to measure the effects of morin on the disposition of CsA in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues, and on the functions of immune cells in mice. CsA (Neoral, 10 mg/kg) was orally administered with and without a concomitant dose of morin (0, 50, 100, 200 mg/kg) to mice once daily for 2 weeks. CsA concentrations in blood, liver, kidney, and spleen were determined by a specific monoclonal fluorescence polarization immunoassay. The decreased levels of CsA in tissues were found well correlated to increased doses of morin. The coadministration of 200 mg/kg morin significantly decreased CsA in blood, liver, kidney, and spleen by 33%, 17%, 38%, and 45%, respectively. On the other hand, coadministration of morin decreased dramatically the nitric oxide production by the activated macrophages when compared to CsA treatment alone. Moreover, morin maintained the level of CsA-suppressed T helper 1 (Th1) type cytokine, although the CsA concentration in spleen was markedly reduced. In conclusion, morin coadministration profoundly reduced CsA concentration but did not significantly alter the CsA-suppressed Th1 immune response in mice.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)65-70
頁數6
期刊Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
205
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 15 05 2005
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