Postoperative echocardiographic study of patients with symptomatic chronic aortic regurgitation.

M. S. Chern*, C. W. Chiang, F. C. Lin, B. R. Fang, C. T. Kuo, T. S. Hsu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Chang

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 期刊稿件文章同行評審

摘要

Aortic valve replacement was performed in 31 patients with symptomatic chronic aortic regurgitation. The patients ranged in age from 13 to 66 (mean = 39) years and included 29 men and 2 women. They were followed up for a mean of 47 months. Perioperatively, 2 patients (6.5%) died, and 2 (6.5%) received a permanent pacemaker for complete heart block. Thirty patients received an M-mode echocardiographic examination both before, and 6 to 11 days after, the operation. In this early postoperative period, the end-diastolic dimension (EDD) and left ventricular end-diastolic radius/posterior wall thickness ratio (R/Th) decreased in all patients. This decrease in EDD could be predicted by preoperative ejection fraction (EF), but not by end-systolic dimension (ESD) or R/Th ratio. The ESD regressed only in patients with preoperative EF greater than 50%, or ESD less than 55mm, or R/Th less than 3.8. During the long-term follow-up, one each had mild tissue valve degeneration, stroke, infective endocarditis, and severe myocardial failure, but none died. Eighteen patients had repeated M-mode echocardiographic studies. There was no further regression of EDD and R/Th, while ESD showed significant decrease. The EF and fractional shortening (FS) did not change. Clinically, the patients who survived the operation improved or remained unchanged postoperatively in a functional status. However, those who had preoperative EF greater than 50% or ESD less than 55mm had a better postoperative functional class (1.2 +/- 0.4 vs 1.9 +/- 1.0, p less than 0.05, 1.2 +/- 0.4 vs 2.0 +/- 1.1, p less than 0.05, respectively). Thus, patients with symptomatic chronic aortic regurgitation can often benefit from valve replacement.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1109-1115
頁數7
期刊Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
88
發行號11-12
出版狀態已出版 - 11 1989
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