Virus and transaminase levels determine the emergence of drug resistance during long-term lamivudine therapy in chronic hepatitis B

Ming Ling Chang, Rong Nan Chien, Chau Ting Yeh, Yun Fan Liaw*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 期刊稿件文章同行評審

38 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background/Aims: The results of earlier studies on determinants for the emergence of tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate (YMDD) mutants (rtM204 I/V) were controversial. The aim was to evaluate the impact of viral factors, host factors, host-viral interaction and drug factor on the emergence of rtM204 I/V. Methods: 56 non-cirrhotic and 58 cirrhotic patients received lamivudine therapy for a median of 34 (12-60) months. Results: rtM204 I/V emerged in 37 noncirrhotic and 36 cirrhotic patients. Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that baseline hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status [odds ratio (OR), 7.728; 95% confidental interval (CI), 2.886-12.957; P=0.0026], HBV-DNA level (OR, 3.756; 95% CI, 1.058-5.089; P=0.0202), alanine transaminase (ALT) level (OR, 6.285; 95% CI, 1.057-11.990; P=0.00246) and treatment duration (OR, 19.88; 95% CI, 8.652-31.762; P<0.0004) were independent determinants for the emergence of rtM204 I/V. Further categorical analysis and correlation test disclosed that patients with HBeAg positivity, HBV-DNA>500 pg/ml and ALT <5X upper limit of normal had significantly higher mutation rates. Conclusions: HBeAg status, HBV-DNA, ALT levels and treatment duration are the major determinants for the YMDD mutation during lamivudine therapy, and should be considered in designing the therapeutic strategy.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)72-77
頁數6
期刊Journal of Hepatology
43
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 07 2005
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